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The 2014 American Time Use Survey included 11,600 Americans over the age of 15, who were interviewed throughout the year. Each individual was selected from households across the country that participate in the Current Population Survey, which is the monthly household labor force survey. Participants were asked to recount their activities from 4 a.m. on the day prior to the survey until 4 a.m. on the day of the interview.
The ATUS includes activities like personal care (e.g. sleeping, grooming), childcare, work, volunteering, leisure, etc. The results of the survey showed, among other things, that American workers are working at home more often, and for longer periods of time, than they did 10-plus years ago.
A few stats from the release:
- On the days they worked, 85 percent of employed persons did some or all of their work at their workplace and 23 percent did some or all of their work at home. Employed persons spent more time working at the workplace than at home – 8.0 hours compared with 3.2 hours.
- From 2003 to 2014, the share of employed persons who did some or all of their work at home on days they worked increased from 19 percent to 23 percent. During this same period, the average time employed persons spent working at home on days they did so increased by 37 minutes.
- Self-employed workers were nearly three times more likely than wage and salary workers to have done some work at home on days worked – 58 percent compared with 20 percent. Self-employed workers also were more likely to work on weekend days than were wage and salary workers – 46 percent compared with 33 percent.
- On the days they worked, 39 percent of employed people age 25 and over with a bachelor’s degree or higher did some work at home, compared with only 12 percent of those with less than a high school diploma.